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Living Well with Diabetes

60 A1C: A test to measure glucose buildup in the blood over the previous 2 to 3 months. Artery: A blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Blood glucose: A type of sugar present in the blood. Blood glucose meter: A device that tests the amount of glucose in the blood. Blood pressure: The force created by blood flow as it presses against blood vessel walls. Blood vessels: Tubes that carry blood throughout all parts of the body. Carb: 15 grams of carbohydrates; equal to one carbohydrate serving. Carbohydrate: A nutrient in food that is broken down into glucose during digestion. Cardiovascular: Pertaining to the heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol: A waxy, fat-like substance used by the body to build cell walls. If too much is present, it can build up and block arteries. Chronic: Lifelong or ongoing. A chronic condition, such as diabetes, can be managed with treatment but not cured. Complications: Serious health problems that develop over time due to high blood glucose. Diabetes: A condition in which the body cannot produce insulin and/or use it properly. Diabetes educator: An expert in teaching people how to manage diabetes. Digestive system: The body’s system (also known as the digestive tract) that breaks down food and absorbs it. The digestive system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, and anus. Endocrinologist: A doctor who specializes in how hormones work in the body. Erectile dysfunction (ED): A condition in which a man is unable to obtain or maintain an erection. Estimated average glucose (eAG): A number value assigned to A1C test results. Fast-acting carbohydrate: A type of carbohydrate (including fruits, sugar, honey, or glucose tablets) that raise blood glucose quickly. Glucagon: A hormone that quickly raises blood glucose levels. Glucose: A simple form of sugar that is used to fuel the body’s cells. HDL: High-density lipoprotein, the “good” type of cholesterol. Heart disease: A condition that affects the heart’s ability to function. High blood pressure (hypertension): Blood pressure that is higher than the normal range. Hormone: A chemical released by special cells that tells other cells what to do. Hyperglycemia: A condition in which there is too much glucose in the blood. Hypoglycemia: A condition in which there is not enough glucose in the blood. Injection (shot): Using a needle and syringe Glossary of Terms


Living Well with Diabetes
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